Bernie Sanders Becomes 5th Presidential Candidate in Vermont History
Can the Vermont U.S. Senator eclipse George Edmunds and Howard Dean as the strongest ever Green Mountain State presidential hopeful?
Bernie Sanders became the second major politician to officially launch his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination on Thursday, in a long-shot bid against favorite Hillary Clinton.
It is unlikely Clinton and Sanders will be the lone Democrats seeking their party’s nomination this cycle – with former Virginia U.S. Senator Jim Webb, ex-Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley, and former Rhode Island Governor and U.S. Senator Lincoln Chafee all waiting in the wings officially ‘exploring’ possible bids.
The Vermont independent U.S. Senator has previously stated he would not run as an independent in the general election should he lose the nomination – for fear that would enable the Republican nominee to win the race.
Socialist elements of Sanders’ ideology and policy positions will no doubt appeal to a segment of the Democratic base and the two-term senator’s colorful personality and high energy may lead to respectable enough fundraising numbers to sustain him well into the early contests.
But no matter how long Sanders lasts in the 2016 contest, he has already added his name to what is a very short list in the annals of Vermont politics.
A Smart Politics study of presidential campaigns finds that Bernie Sanders is just the fifth presidential candidate to run for a major party nomination from Vermont in state history – and just the third to launch a bona fide campaign.
It took nearly 70 years since Vermont was granted statehood to produce its first presidential candidate.
At the 1860 Republican National Convention, U.S. Senator Jacob Collamer received 10 favorite-son votes on the first ballot – all from Green Mountain State delegates.
That was good for eighth place among the 12 individuals who received votes on the first ballot.
Collamer, who had previously served three terms in the U.S. House as a Whig from 1843 to 1849, was finishing his first of two terms in the upper legislative chamber.
He had also served in the Vermont House of Representatives in the 1820s and was a judge of the Superior Court from 1833-1842 and 1850-1854 before his election to the U.S. Senate.
After the first round of balloting, Collamer withdrew his name and the Vermont delegation unanimously voted for Abraham Lincoln on the remaining two ballots.
Twenty years later, Vermont’s most successful presidential candidate in history made his first of two bids for the Republican nomination.
George Edmunds, a former Vermont House Speaker and member of the Vermont Senate, was in his third term in the U.S. Senate when his name was placed into nomination at the 1880 Republican National Convention.
Edmunds received 34 votes on the first ballot – good for fourth place behind former President Ulysses S. Grant, Maine U.S. Senator and former U.S. House Speaker John Blaine, and Treasury Secretary John Sherman.
Northern Pacific Railway President and Vermont delegate Frederick Billings delivered Edmunds’ nominating speech which closed with the following prose:
“Such a candidate, healing all dissensions, of wondrous ability, of aggressive integrity, of the largest experience in public affairs, of the highest statesmanship, is that brave, clean, vigilant man, upon whom rests no shadow of reproach, to whom in every crisis in the councils of the Nation we turn with joy and confidence – the central figure and leader of the Senate, the foremost type and defender of all that is best in the Republican faith, the ideal candidate, seeking not the office, worthy of the best days of the Republic, having the promise and potency of victory, is George F. Edmunds; and him Vermont nominates for the presidency.”
The nomination was seconded by delegate F.D. Sanford of Massachusetts.
On the first ballot, Edmunds received 20 votes from Massachusetts, all 10 votes from the Vermont delegation, two from Connecticut, and one each from Ohio and Tennessee.
Edmunds continued to receive more than 30 votes until the 29th ballot when his Massachusetts supporters shifted to Sherman, dropping the Vermont U.S. Senator’s tally down to a dozen delegates.
Ohio U.S. Representative James Garfield eventually won on the 36th ballot.
In 1884, Edmunds was nominated again, this time by Massachusetts delegate J.D. Long and seconded by writer George William Curtis of New York.
Edmunds saw his support nearly triple from four years prior to 93 votes on the first ballot – good for third place behind James Blaine and President Chester Arthur.
The Vermont U.S. Senator won all eight votes from the Rhode Island and Vermont delegations plus 25 votes from Massachusetts, 12 from New York, seven from Michigan, six each from Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, and Wisconsin, four from New Hampshire, two from Arkansas, and one each from Indiana, Pennsylvania, and the Montana Territory.
Edmunds lost support on each of the next three rounds with Blaine winning the nomination on the 4th ballot.
Vermont had another presidential candidate – of sorts – during the Election of 1900.
Montpelier-born and Norwich-educated George Dewey was a Spanish-American war hero who famously destroyed the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay two years prior.
Dewey was promoted from commodore to Admiral of the Navy and in Spring 1900, although he had never previously been involved or particularly interested in politics, the admiral announced he would be willing to serve as president, though he showed little political acumen as evidenced by his announcement to the New York World:
“Since studying this subject I am convinced that the office of the President is not a very difficult one to fill, his duties being mainly to execute the laws of Congress. Should I be chosen for this exalted position I would execute the laws of Congress as faithfully as I have always executed the orders of my superiors.”
Dewey’s campaign lasted only until May when he endorsed President William McKinley.
While not a presidential candidate, a Vermonter did receive a vote at the chaotic 1924 Democratic national convention.
Burlington delegate J. Holmes Jackson, the 1922 Democratic gubernatorial nominee who lost by nearly 50 points to Redfield Proctor, received a single vote on the 39th ballot at a convention that would take 103 ballots to nominate West Virginia’s John Davis.
Another 80 years would pass before Vermont produced a bona fide presidential candidate.
Former six-term Governor Howard Dean was one of several Democratic hopefuls vying to take on President George W. Bush in the Election of 2004.
Dean entered the race in 2002 and was a top-tier candidate the summer before the Iowa caucuses, but placed a disappointing third in the Hawkeye State and lost to John Kerry by double-digits in neighboring New Hampshire to mark the beginning of the end of his bid.
Dean remained in the race through the Wisconsin primary on February 17th where he again placed third garnering less than half the support of Kerry.
The former Vermont Governor officially exited the race the next day, although he would still win his home state’s primary two weeks later on Super Tuesday to mark the lone state he would carry in the 2004 campaign.
Note: Other minor party candidates have run for president from Vermont, such as Libertarian nominee Roger MacBride in 1976 who appeared on the ballot in 32 states.
As for Sanders, his candidacy announcement should garner him enough attention to launch him into double-digits in nationwide polling for the Democratic nomination – something that has eluded him thus far in hypothetical horse race polls.
Sanders should also see an uptick in support once pollsters finally agree to remove fellow Northeastern liberal Elizabeth Warren from their candidate lists. The Massachusetts U.S. Senator has repeatedly stated she will not run this cycle.
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Are you sure he is only the fifth? Or are you just omitting any amount of “independent” candidates that never ran on either a Democratic or Republican “ticket”? To my knowledge there have been any amount of (largely) “cranks” in many states and i wonder why Vermont should be the exception (although sheer head count of a state’s population certainly plays a role).
As outlined in the text above, this analysis looks at major party bids:
“Bernie Sanders is just the fifth presidential candidate to run for a major party nomination from Vermont.”
FYI: The Libertarian run by Vermont’s Roger MacBride was noted:
“Other minor party candidates have run for president from Vermont, such Libertarian nominee Roger MacBride in 1976 who appeared on the ballot in 32 states.”