David Shulkin and Trump’s Vanishing Cabinet
Shulkin logged the 2nd shortest stint heading the VA in department history; previous presidents had served with their original VA secretary 3.9 times longer than Trump/Shulkin
Donald Trump’s firing of a second department secretary in less than a month continues his building of an administrative record that stands in stark contrast with that of his predecessor.
Veterans Affairs Secretary David Shulkin was terminated by Trump last Wednesday and lasted just 1 year, 1 month, 15 days on the job after entering into service in mid-February 2017.
The VA department was created during George H.W. Bush’s administration, and Shulkin by far recorded the shortest tenure of each president’s first pick for the position:
- Ed Derwinski (George H.W. Bush, 1989-1992): 3 years, 6 months, 12 days
- Jesse Brown (Bill Clinton, 1993-1997): 4 years, 5 months, 10 days
- Anthony Principi (George W. Bush, 2001-2005): 4 years, 3 days
- Eric Shinseki (Barack Obama, 2009-2014): 5 years, 4 months, 9 days
The average length of time these four presidents served alongside their first VA secretary was 3.9 times longer (1,583 days) than Trump and Shulkin (408 days).
Shulkin’s firing comes on the heels of several historically quick exits of several department heads during Trump’s first 14 months in office.
Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price lasted only 232 days on the job upon his resignation last September to mark the shortest tenure ever recorded among the 23 men and women who served as secretary of that department and its predecessor (Health, Education, and Welfare). Price lasted less than a quarter of the time on the job than the average HHS secretary.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson recorded the third shortest tenure of a president’s first pick for the nation’s top diplomat at 1 year, 2 months (Tillerson’s last official day was Friday).
The average tenure of a president serving alongside his first secretary of state is 3 years, 4 months, 8 days – or 2.9 times longer than Trump and Tillerson.
Finally, Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly was plucked from his position last summer to become Trump’s chief of staff after the shortest time in office heading that department at just 6 months, 12 days.
These early departures are a marked change from the stability found during Barack Obama’s administration, particularly during his first term.
In fact, more than half of Obama’s initial department heads ended up becoming one of the Top 3 longest-serving men and women ever to lead their respective department:
- Longest-serving: Eric Shinseki of Veterans Affairs (5 years, 4 months, 9 days), Steven Chu of Energy (4 years, 3 months, 2 days), and Janet Napolitano of Homeland Security (4 years, 7 months, 17 days)
- 2nd longest-serving: Kathleen Sebelius of Health and Human Services (5 years, 1 month, 9 days), Shaun Donovan of Housing and Urban Development (5 years, 6 months, 3 days), and Arne Duncan of Education (6 years, 11 months, 11 days)
- 3rd longest-serving: Eric Holder as Attorney General (6 years, 2 months, 25 days) and Ray LaHood of Transportation (4 years, 5 months, 10 days)
Just missing the cut is Tom Vilsack of Agriculture whose tenure of 7 years, 11 months, 25 days was the fourth longest of the 31 men and women to head that department since its formation in 1889.
Overall, Shulkin exited with the second-shortest stint as VA secretary, just outlasting James Peake (1 year, 1 month, 1 day) who took office 13 months before the end of George W. Bush’s final term in office.
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1. If I am not mistaken, Secretary Vilsack, albeit at 4th place, is actually closely bunched up with 2 other ag chiefs, with IA R James “Tama Jim” Wilson way WAY outdistancing all other DA secretaries, at a record-setting 16 years, from McKinley in 1897, to the first 36 or so hours of the Wilson administration in 1913. Apparently, Wilson (no relation, evidently, to POTUS Wilson) had performed so much of the needed work at Agriculture during his tenure that fellow Iowan Vilsack felt that 5.5 or 6 years at Agriculture was long enough (and then some) – lamenting that on quite a few days he literally had no substantive tasks to complete (only after BHO asked him to look into the opioid addiction crisis and other matters did Vilsack stay on). Persuaded or placated, he eventually ended up serving for nearly 8 full years, in the process setting a record of his own as the longest-serving senior member of the Obama-Biden administration, aside from…
2. For part 4 of the TURNSTILE cabinet series, Pruitt at EPA? Carson at HUD? DeVos at Education?